Saturday, Apr 20, 2024

What Is Rheumatology?

It seems like the field of medicine has a never-ending list of specialties. Specialists in the field can focus on certain parts of the body, types of medical conditions, or other specific areas of healthcare.

When choosing doctors, you need to understand their specialty field and what they treat. For example, do you know what a rheumatologist does? What is rheumatology?

Rheumatology Defined

According to the American College of Rheumatology,  rheumatology is the study of diseases affecting the bones, muscles, and joints. It also focuses on autoimmune conditions. Such conditions will usually cause swelling, and pain. They can result in difficulties in moving and deformations. This area of medicine falls into the category of internal medicine.


The common conditions that fall into the category of rheumatology include:

  • Tendinitis
  • Lupus
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Gout
  • Chronic back pain

The different conditions can affect many parts of the body. They not only impact structural systems but can also impact internal organs, the skin, and the nervous system.

Special Care

If you have a condition that falls under rheumatology, you may have to see a rheumatologist Catonsville. Rheumatologists focus on the diagnosis and treatment of such conditions.

Occasional joint pain or issues with your joints or muscles is common and does not usually require specialized treatment. However, if you find your issues are not resolving after treatment and become chronic conditions, then you may need to see a rheumatologist.

Your primary care physician will usually assess you first, and he or she will make the recommendation for you to seek specialized care. Most often, your doctor will decide to make a recommendation if you have a family history of rheumatic disease or autoimmune disease. If your condition seems to worsen quickly or is not responding to treatment, then your doctor may also make a referral.

Seeking Care

It is important that you understand rheumatology and the conditions that fall into this category because leaving them untreated can lead to serious long-term issues. You could severely impact your mobility and overall comfort by not seeking treatment in time.