Jakarta is located on the northwest shore of Java in the opening of the Ciliwung River on Jakarta Bay. It is co-extensive with the metropolitan areas of Greater Jakarta (Jakarta Raya) and almost co-extensive with the Daerah Khusus Ibukota (special capital district) of Jakarta. The latter also including several overseas islands in the Java Sea. Jakarta was formerly known as Batavia until 1949. Then from 1949-1972, it became Djakarta.
Back in 1966, once the town has been declared a funds district that was distinctive, it obtained a standing equivalent to that of state or a country. The city has been a significant trade and financial center. It has become an important industrial town and a center for instruction: area-specific funding district, 255 square miles (661 square kilometers).
How Is Jakarta Climate?
Jakarta is a tropical, humid town, with yearly temperatures ranging between the extremes of 75 and 93 °F (24 and 34 °C) and relative humidity between 75 and 85 percent. The yearly rainfall is more than 67 inches (1,700 mm). Sea winds often modify temperatures. Like every other big town, Jakarta also has its own share of air and sound pollution.
How To Describe Jakarta?
Jakarta is located on a shallow, flat alluvial plain with historically vast swampy regions; the parts of the city farther inland are somewhat higher. The usage of the continuous reduction of forest vegetation and swamps for building purposes has increased the danger of floods. With this kind of water surplus from the soil, Jakarta has a shortage of drinking water, for which there is an increasing need. The area is abundant for other horticulture and fruit because most of the dirt is of ancient origin.
How Are The Health Facilities in Jakarta?
Jakarta is the center of several health centers in Indonesia. You will find over two dozen leading hospitals, including those managed directly by the Department of Health, a Protestant mission, and the Roman Catholic Church. Additionally, there are polyclinics or a few hundred clinics. A hospital is in performance in Tanjung Priok. The city also runs a hospital and rehabilitation center for the mentally ill and destitute. Also, there are many family-planning and child-care practices.
How About The Transportation in Jakarta?
Major street arteries lead west from the center of Kota and east and south by the administrative center at Gambir. As is pollution, traffic congestion is a problem. On the east a major railroad connects the town with all of the islands of Java. There is also a street, primarily a regional supply road, operating between Jakarta and the agriculturally productive areas of east and even Central Java. On the south, a highway and railroad connect Jakarta using Bogor, Sukabumi, and Bandung. To the west, the railroad and street run to Banten and into the volcano at Merak. It can be linked by ferry to Lampung in Sumatra.
The bus terminal, situated on Lapangan Banteng, functions all of the town, intercity, and bus lines. There are also local bus terminals in Jatinegara Grogol, Kota, and Tanjung Priok. The Significant railroad stations are in Kota and at Gambir in Medan Merdeka, Pasar Senen from the east, Manggarai, and Jatinegara from the southwest. Traffic jams happen during the morning and afternoon rush hours. Public transport in the city is by minibus or bus. The becak, or tricycle cab, is used only for local neighborhood transport. Regular taxis now run across the metropolitan area.
Jakarta is served by many foreign airlines, even by Garuda Indonesian Airways (the national airline, with domestic and international service), and from other national airlines. The city’s main international airport is situated approximately 12 miles (20 kilometers ) to the west Cengkareng. Also, a smaller facility is only to the southeast. The Tanjung Priok port in Jakarta is the largest in Indonesia. It manages exports out of West Java plus a large proportion of Indonesia’s export trade; lots of goods are transshipped to other islands or harbors.
Before you plan a trip to Jakarta, be sure to read more about Jakarta and Indonesia by visiting Wonderful Indonesia.